Come Sunday the 9th; the Solar Orbiter is set to launch. It comes as an emerging technology between both the European Space Agency and NASA, and its focus is on trying to examine the sun closely.
To achieve this, the spacecraft is packed with a set of 10 equipment— four instruments and six cameras— which provide a thorough viewpoint of our star. Müller said that the solar orbiter would collect the information also from the other face of the sun, yet the scientists to establish our star’s first 3D image will use this detail.
The Solar Orbiter, worth $672 million, would serve as a virtual lab in space, using its sensors to monitor the progression of quakes from the Moon to space and the Moon. The mission team representatives have also said that the Sun Orbiter is going to link the sun to the heliosphere like never before. This will allow scientists to make a connection of cause and effect of what occurs in the sun and what we see in the surrounding environment.
The satellite has three devices to test the magnetic strength of the sun the information gathered will attempt to link the points between the observations of magnetic fields on the surface of the sun to the measurement of the magnetic field where the spacecraft flies. However, the Solar Orbiter it’s not the only satellite to examine the sun. It should add itself to the deluge of sun observers that have already been working for years to gather information about our sun’s surface, including the 2018 NASA-star Parker Solar Sample (PSP).
Thomas Zurbuchen, NASA Deputy Director of the Space Program, said, “The bulk [solar wind] arrives from polar regions that we have never known.” Müller noted that one of the project’s objectives is to consider how well the solar magnet system operates and how the solar cycle has its consequences. It is a periodical shift in sun behaviour. Together solar wind and solar magnetic field both create a gigantic cocoon called the heliosphere, which works to protect our planet against potential interstellar radiation known as cosmic rays. Fox states that powerful ion outbursts called CMEs, which are produced by the sun, are also entrusted in the solar wind.
When a Coronal Mass Ejections hits earth, solar particles will interfere with our planet’s magnetic field and create powerful electromagnetic disturbances. These solar storms are troubled, as they can disturb Earth technologies, such as Astronauts and Satellite, and can be dangerous for space as well.